What Is Ovarian Cysts
These are fluid-filled sacs that form on the ovaries. Diagnosis of most ovarian cysts is done through ultrasound or using other imaging diagnostic methods. These diagnosis methods allow physicians to see the size of the cysts. In most cases, simple cysts are never cancerous and do not cause symptoms but can cause sudden pain and discomfort when they rapture.
Ovarian Cyst And Fertility
Ovarian cysts do not always cause problems with fertility. Therefore, if you are trying to get pregnant but have been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst, know that this may not be an impediment to your fertility. However, there are circumstances when an ovarian cyst may cause problems with your fertility.
An ovarian cyst may cause problems with your fertility when:
Cyst caused by endometriosis
While cysts do not generally cause fertility issues, it might be hard for you to get pregnant if the cysts are caused by endometriosis. This is a condition in which tissues similar to the uterus lining implant or grow outside the uterus, like on your ovaries or fallopian tubes.
While women with endometriosis can still get pregnant, about 30%-40% of those diagnosed with this condition struggle with fertility.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Women with clusters of pearl-sized cysts or follicles possibly have a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a leading cause of infertility in women.
Eggs in a woman’s ovary are present from their development as a fetus. These eggs are contained in tiny sacs called follicles which fill up with fluid as the eggs mature. Each month during the menstrual cycle, the follicles break open and mature eggs are released to the womb for fertilization.
In women with polycystic ovary syndrome, some hormones needed for the eggs to be mature are not present/made. Because of this, the eggs are not released for fertilization even though the follicle will grow and fill up with fluid. This may also interfere with your menstrual cycle as the body may fail to make progesterone, a hormone involved in your cycle.
Polycystic ovary syndrome may also increase a woman’s risk of:
Ovarian Cyst And Pregnancy
During early pregnancy, ovarian cysts may be common but harmless, just like most others. Problems may, however, arise if the cysts grow throughout your pregnancy.
For example, cysts that continue to grow throughout pregnancy may:
Women should, therefore, not only be under the regular care of an obstetrician/gynecologist during their pregnancy but throughout their lives.
Talk about your ovarian cysts and fertility issues risks with your obstetrician/gynecologist for the best treatment options.
Fertility Match offers fertility counselling in Canada.
As you can see, ovarian cysts are common and, in most cases, harmless. However, they can have an effect on your fertility. It is important to talk to a doctor about your options and ensure that you are getting the best possible care. At Fertility Match, we offer fertility counselling to women in Canada who may be struggling to conceive. Our team of experts will help you understand your options and make the best decision for you. If you are beginning your fertility journey or are interested in more information about fertility or even egg donation in Canada, don’t hesitate to contact us. We are here to help you every step of the way.