Diagnosis and treatment of infertility have been made possible by the availability of a variety of testing and treatment options in clinics that specialize in fertility consulting in Canada. However, the cause of infertility may remain unclear even after several tests. Infertility whose cause is unclear is commonly referred to as unexplained infertility. More than 50% of Canadian fertility patients have unexplained infertility. In this article, we explain what unexplained infertility is and highlight some of the available treatment options in Canada.

Common Causes of Infertility

If you are over 35 years and you have been unsuccessful in conceiving after trying within 6-12 months, it may be advisable to seek help from a fertility specialist.

Your infertility may be a result of any or a combination of the following reasons:

  • Poor Egg Quality

  • Uterine or Cervical Dysfunction

  • Ovulation Disorders, e.g., PCOS

  • Reduced sperm quality/quantity

  • Hormonal Conditions

  • Endometriosis

  • Blocked Fallopian Tubes

  • Reduced Ovarian Reserve

What Is Unexplained Infertility

Unexplained infertility is described by most physicians as the inability to get pregnant or impregnate a woman without a medically diagnosable cause.

Unexplained infertility can present as:

  • Primary Unexplained Infertility

  • Secondary Unexplained Infertility

Primary Unexplained Infertility

This refers to a scenario where pregnancy has never been achieved in the past.

Secondary Unexplained Infertility

Secondary unexplained fertility is where a pregnancy has been achieved before

Some patients have unexplained infertility, yet they have regular ovulation cycles, open fallopian tubes, a normal uterus, ideal sperm quality, a balanced hormone profile, and appropriately timed intercourse.

Causes Of Unexplained Infertility

  • Poor egg quality

  • Subtle endometriosis

  • Reduced embryo quality and poor embryo development

  • Problems in egg and sperm interactions during fertilization

  • Poor sperm quality

  • Infections

  • Subtle fallopian tube abnormalities

  • Improper embryo and womb interactions during implantation

  • Immunological factors

Can I Get Pregnant With Unexplained Infertility?

Yes, patients with unexplained infertility may conceive without medical intervention. Your chances of conceiving naturally are, however, lower if you have unexplained infertility. Fertility treatments can help you conceive and have a healthy pregnancy.

Treatment Options for Unexplained Infertility

The unexplained fertility treatment is tailored for every patient’s needs.

Here are some of the most common treatments for unexplained infertility:

    Preconception Care

    A preconception program that includes the following can improve your egg and sperm quality:

    • Stress Reduction

    • Fertility Diet and

    • Lifestyle Enhancements

    • Prioritizing Sleep

    • Exercise Regime

    • Fertility Acupuncture

    • Fertility Supplements

    Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

    IUI involves the following process:

    • Fertility drugs are administered to help the ovaries ovulate

    • High-quality sperms are processed in the lab

    • The sperm is placed in the uterus closer to the eggs

    In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

    IVF can be recommended either when IUI is unsuccessful or if your physician believes it will not be helpful to you.

    Because IVF happens outside the body:

    • Fertility doctors can examine processes and factors that may not be possible in a natural conception.

    • It is possible to visualize the quality of eggs and sperm as well as how they interact during fertilization.

    • It allows fertility doctors to study the eggs, sperm, and embryos more closely, giving them a better idea of why you could struggle to conceive.

    Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

    During the ICSI procedure, sperm is directly injected into the egg hence bypassing the need for the sperm to penetrate the egg on its own. This procedure can be an option for those who are unable to achieve fertilization through IVF.

    Fertility consulting in Canada

    Emotional support may help infertility patients build resilience during their treatment journey. Fertility counselling can help provide such emotional support. At Fertility Match, we have a team of specialists who support our fertility patients throughout their treatment journey.

    If you are struggling with unexplained infertility, don’t hesitate to get in touch with Fertility Match for the guidance and care you may need to overcome your struggles.